Updated: Feb 16
This content is my contribution, in October the breast cancer awareness month, in order to offer you, my sisters, all the basic info you should know about breast cancer and the easy way to learn the basic way for breast cancer check-up at home.
What is Breast cancer?
Breast Cancer is defined as the abnormal growth of cells lining the milk ducts or breast lobes. The tumor is often formed in the milk transport channels and sometimes in the lobes and a very small part in the rest of the tissues.
Breast Cancer Recent statistics by the World Health Organization (WHO) show that more than 1.2 million breast cancer cases are diagnosed globally each year, with a mortality rate of more than 500,000. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death after lung cancer worldwide.
Causes of breast cancer?
Although the main cause of breast cancer is not identified, there are some factors that increase the risk of breast cancer, such as the presence of a family history, and the risk of developing with age, in addition to obesity, and taking drugs containing hormones, such as taking hormone Estrogen and pulp Rugestron together as those in the pill.
Breast Cancer Symptoms?
1-The emergence of a solid mass in the breast or underarm area.
2-Changes in breast size or shape.
3-The appearance of some holes in the skin surrounding the breast or change in colors such as redness or erosion.
4-Unusual liquid or sometimes bloody discharge from the nipple.
5-Flips the shape of the nipple as if it were compressed inside.
6-The texture of the breast skin becomes similar to the orange peel.
How to Breast cancer Examination at Home?
Breast Cancer Self-examination?
Stand in front of, and look at the breasts closely to detect the presence of any unfamiliar change, such as the presence of lumps or other symptoms. Put the hands behind the head, press them forward, and consider the if any difference. Place the hands on the center area, bending forward slightly, with the shoulders and elbows slightly pushed forward, to notice any change in the breasts. Lift the left hand and use three fingers from the right hand to examine the left breast in a circular motion, starting from the outside of the breast toward the nipple, with the need to focus on the area between the breast, armpit and underarm area, to examine the feeling or see the presence of swelling in the lymph nodes, and repeat the process with the breast Right. Quietly press the nipple to check for any unusual secretions. Repeat the previous two steps again but in a lying down position, preferably during a shower. Having soap and water on the skin will help to slide the fingers easier and increase the feeling of any abnormal changes, or any strange lumps.
If you have any of the above symptoms in the, and if you are unable to perform a breast self-examination, it is best to go to see a specialist doctor do the necessary tests and perform a mammogram to ensure the safety of the breast.